Officers and employees acting as agents of foreign principal 18 USC § 219

§ 219. Officers and employees acting as agents of foreign principals 18 USC § 219

 

(a)Whoever, being a public official, is or acts as an agent of a foreign principal required to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both.

 

(b)Nothing in this section shall apply to the employment of any agent of a foreign principal as a special Government employee in any case in which the head of the employing agency certifies that such employment is required in the national interest. A copy of any certification under this paragraph shall be forwarded by the head of such agency to the Attorney General who shall cause the same to be filed with the registration statement and other documents filed by such agent, and made available for public inspection in accordance with section 6 of the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (22 USCS § 616], as amended.

 

(c)For the purpose of this section "public official" means Member of Congress, Delegate, or Resident Commissioner, either before or after he has qualified, or an officer or employee or person acting for or on behalf of the United States, or any department, agency, or branch of Government thereof, including the District of Columbia, in any official function, under or by authority of any such department, agency, or branch of Government.

(Added July 4, 1966, P. L. 89-486, § 8(b), 80 Stat. 249; Oct. 12, 1984, P. L. 98473, Title II, Ch XI, Part J, § 1116, 98 Stat. 2149; Nov. 10, 1986, P. L. 99-646,         § 30, 100 Stat. 3598; Nov. 29, 1990, P. L. 101-647, Title XXXV, § 3511, 104 Stat. 4922.)

 

HISTORY; ANCILLARY LAWS AND DIRECTIVES

References in text:

"The Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1939", referred to in subsec. (a), is Act June 8, 1938, ch 327, 52 Stat. 631, which appears generally as 22 USCS § 611 et seq. For full classification of this Act, consult USCS Tables volumes.

 

Explanatory notes:

A prior § 219 was redesignated as 18 USCS § 214 by Act Oct. 23, 1962, P.  L. 87-849, § 1(d), 76 Stat. 1125.

Effective date of section:

Act July 4, 1966, P.L. 89-486, § 9, 80 Stat. 249, provides that this section shall become effective 90 days after its enactment on July 4, 1966; see 22 USCS § 611 note.

Amendments:

1984. Act Oct. 12, 1984, in the first undesignated para., substituted "a public official" for "an officer or employee"; and added the third undesignated para.

1986. Act Nov. 10, 1986 designated the first undesignated para. as subsec. (a), and substituted such subsec. for one which read: "Whoever, being a public official of the United States in the executive, legislative, or judicial branch of the Government or in any agency of the United States, including the District of Columbia, is or acts as an agent of a foreign principal required to register under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than two years, or both."; designated the second and third undesignated paras. as subsecs. (b) and (c) respectively, and in subsec. (c), as so designated, substituted "Delegate" for "the Delegate from the District of Columbia", and deleted ", or a juror" preceding the conclud­ing period.

1990. Act Nov. 29, 1990, in subsec. (c), substituted "Government" for "Governments" preceding "thereof, including".

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