GOVERNMENT ALLEGED TO HAVE USED MILITARY AND CIVILIAN POPULATIONS AS GUINEA PIGS
GULF WAR SYNDROME -
TIP OF THE ICEBERG
If your highest ambition in life is to become a highly evolved medical guinea pig, the U.S. Army has a slogan for you, "Be all that you can be". It has become evident that many who join the ranks of Uncle Sam's military are viewed by their superiors in the Pentagon as just that: experimental animals to be used for secret inoculation and non-consensual medical research.
Dr. Larry Goss, a Lawton, Oklahoma physician who has worked in Veterans Administration hospitals and clinics, caring for Gulf War veterans, had little regard for the rumors surrounding the origin of the supposed Gulf War Illness (GWI). That is, until he contracted the disease, himself, from the veterans he was treating. When his wife and son also became sick with the "fantasy" illness, as the government has attempted to label it, he became a staunch believer.
His patriotic identity, Dr. Goss told The WINDS, "was the American flag and the Constitution. I should have been born on the Fourth of July," Goss said. "I came from a military family, I was for the military--and," Goss added, "I'm thoroughly disgusted and disillusioned."
Evidence indicates that the government has experimented with a very large percentage of the veterans participating not only in Operation Desert Storm, but currently with those in Bosnia as well. The American Gulf War Veteran's Association* (AGWVA) claims that 40% (280,000) of the veterans participating in the Persian Gulf hostilities have contracted some form of neuromuscular or skin disorders. Among the most prominent are:
* Guillain-Barré, syndrome (acute idiopathic polyneuritis)
* Lou Gerig's Disease (ALS - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)
* multiple sclerosis
The AGWVA, founded by retired U.S. Army Captain, Joyce Riley Von Kleist, RN, was established to provide aid and an information for veterans who have contracted GWI, also referred to as the Gulf War Syndrome (GWS). Von Kleist claims to have substantial evidence supporting allegations that GWS comes from the "one thing we all have in common--vaccinations." Capt.Von Kleist engages in what seems to be well-founded speculation when she states her belief that much of the problems suffered by Gulf War veterans stem from secret inoculations intended as experimental HIV vaccines.
Dr. Garth L. Nicolson, Ph.D., is a Professor of Internal Medicine and Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at the University of Texas Medical School at Houston. He is also the Chief Scientific Officer for the Institute for Molecular Medicine in Huntington Beach, California, and has personally examined almost two-hundred veterans suffering from Gulf War Syndrome.
During those examinations, Dr. Nicolson found that nearly half of the veterans were infected with an unusual microorganism called mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain). In almost half of the vets examined these exceptionally tiny and primitive bacteria were found deep within the blood leukocytes--the white blood cells that comprise the most aggressive part of the body's immune system machinery. "This microorganism," Nicolson explains, "is similar to a bacterium without a cell wall and, although mycoplasmas are often found at superficial sites in humans, such as in the oral cavity, they are rarely found in the blood."
An even more astonishing discovery was that those same bacteria found in the Gulf War veterans' blood also contained a portion of the HIV--the virus that causes AIDS. This gene, called the gp120 or "envelope" gene, only codes for creating the surface protein of the virus. This is an important factor in the cell's ability to do its nasty work.
A virus, Dr. Goss explains, can be compared to an M&M candy. The sugar coating is the protein shell and the chocolate is the viral DNA. The shell tricks the host cell into allowing the virus to penetrate its wall and inject its DNA, which then commandeers the cell's reproductive machinery to make copies of itself--somewhat like a prankster using the church Xerox machine to copy pornographic photos--a destructive purpose for which it was never intended. When enough of the viral copies are "replicated", they burst through the cell wall, destroying the cell and begin the process all over again, only with thousands more copies of the virus with which to work.
"This gp120 is how the HIV virus gets into cells," Dr. Nicolson explains. "When you put this protein onto cells like the mycoplasma fermentans, which already has the ability to enter some cells, it greatly increases its ability to enter a variety of different cells." The new protein, functioning as a key to give it the capacity to act like the AIDS virus, "can now go to virtually any cell, any tissue, any organ and enter cells and interfere with metabolism and kill them."
Doctors Goss and Nicolson both claim that the result of this marriage of a portion from the AIDS virus with a primitive bacteria has created a powerful pathogen that causes system-wide infection and cell damage from the kidneys to the brain, and nearly everything in between. The chilling part of this concept is that this microscopic matrimony could only be accomplished by artificial genetic engineering whereby the gp120 gene was severed from live HIV virus with an enzyme "knife" and then implanted into the mycoplasma giving the bacterium its destructive power.
Damning evidence for the fact that this is an artificial, man-made infection, according to Dr. Nicolson, "is the fact that antibodies against synthetic squalene, which is only used in experimental vaccines, has been found in the blood of soldiers. There are very few experimental vaccines that have this type of adjuvant in them--and one of them is an HIV vaccine."
THE FRENCH CONNECTION
In personal research stimulated by his illness and perceived betrayal by his country, Dr. Larry Goss has pieced together information about the Gulf War and its pursuant illness that paints a startling and ominous, but believable, picture.
Of the twenty-eight Gulf War coalition forces, Goss said, the military cadre of twenty-seven of those nations have contracted GWI. The only country that claims no infected personnel is France. Is it just coincidence that France is also the only member of the coalition that refused to allow their soldiers to receive vaccinations?
Dr. Goss, in treating Gulf War veterans with GWI, discovered that a one-two punch of the anti-viral drug, Famvir and the antibiotic Doxycycline was quite effective in their treatment--so much so that Dr. Nicolson's Institute for Molecular Medicine has included it in its recommended therapy. What else Goss uncovered was that the French, "before their military even left their ports to go to the theater, were giving their troops Doxycycline--500mg twice a day. They were giving them so much that these guys were vomiting and messing their pants' from reaction to the drug.
Were the French the "control group" in an insidious study?
"What did they know," Goss questioned, "how did they know it and when did they learn it?" In addition, he said, "some U.S. units were ordered to take Cipro--an appropriate antibiotic for mycoplasma." Veterans told Dr. Goss that "the medics in their units pulled up in the back of their Humm-Vs and started shoveling out cases of Cipro, and said "fill your pockets and start taking it twice a day." The next day they got hit with their first Scud attack--and then two weeks later they were told to turn in any remaining Cipro. Other U.S. units in the theater," Goss added, "got no Cipro. Double-blind study--perhaps?"
Goss confessed that he didn't understand their reasoning in all this until he realized he was "thinking like an altruistic physician who follows the Hippocratic oath." The ones doing this, he said, have such a scientific clinical mindset that "they don't care if they kill you. I had to get past this."
Goss realized that their reasoning behind using mycoplasmas comes from the fact that they would be undetectable without the use of DNA-PCR tests--the same ones used to try to convict O. J. Simpson--and very few labs have that capability. As it happened, Dr. Nicolson's laboratory has the equipment and was able to determine the presence of the little carrier bacterium.
A Washington Times article claims that, "Dale Vesser, a retired Army general, was the first Pentagon spokesman to admit...that the Department of Defense had squalene and used it in recent experimental medical tests on about fifty soldiers to test an antimalaria vaccination. At the time, mid-August, Vesser claimed that was the only Pentagon usage of squalene." (The Washington Times, Oct. 16, 1997).
The cover-up aspect of this scenario becomes even more plausible when it is considered, according to Dr. Nicolson, that "the NIH [National Institutes of Health] and the military were jointly testing an HIV vaccine before the Gulf War.
"The NIH and military researchers refused to provide the Institute for Molecular Medicine with any samples of their experimental vaccine so that IMM could determine what they were dealing with in the treatment of veterans with GWS. They also refused to give the institute any shot records of the vets to aid in their diagnosis."
This refusal on the part of the government appears somewhat unusual considering that the military will soon be sending scientists from organizations like the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology and Walter Reed Army Medical Center to Dr. Nicolson's institute so the government scientists can receive training in the identification of these deep-cell infections.
The government, it seems, should have been aware of the danger posed by the little bacterium. Among other studies, the University of Alabama School of Medicine reported, "Four silver leaf monkeys inoculated with mycoplasma fermentans (incognitus strain) showed wasting syndromes and died in 7-9 months." In fact, the government did know of the powerful nature of this organism. The study referenced the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington D.C.
There is even more evidence that the government scientists were well aware of the pathogenicity (dangerous infectious nature) of the mycoplasma incognitus bacteria before ever using it as a vehicle for an alleged HIV vaccine. The aforementioned Armed Forces Institute of Pathology maintains a training program for medical personnel on infectious diseases in which was taught:
Mycoplasma fermentans [incognitus] are the mycoplasma organisms that are known to be transmitted sexually....Results obtained in-vitro suggests that mycoplasmas act as cofactors with the Human Immunodifficiency Virus (HIV) in the development of AIDS and mycoplasmas have been isolated from HIV-infected individuals. These mycoplasmas have the capacity to invade cells and to be potent immunomodulators [altering the immune system].
The most serious presentation of M. fermentans is that of a fulminant [violent] systemic disease that begins as a flu-like illness. Patients rapidly deteriorate, developing severe complications including adult respiratory distress syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and/or multiple organ failure.
The organs of patients with...M. fermentans infection exhibit extensive necrosis [dead tissue]. Necrosis is most pronounced in lung, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, adrenal glands, heart and brain.
Lo and associates demonstrated M. fermentans infection in the tissues of 70% of AIDS patients....No other microorganisms were present in these lesions of these AIDS patients. (1)
The WINDS has obtained a copy of a letter to a Gulf War veteran from the Uniformed Services University, dated June of 1997, in which they stated that, "In 1995, the University dropped lectures discussing mycoplasma fermentans due to a curriculum reform." This presents serious questions as to why studies on such a virulent, and apparently widespread disease-causing bacterium would be excluded from lectures on pathology--the very medical discipline that focuses on such studies.
In addition, this reporter has received copies of medical reports of tests conducted on several veterans of the Gulf War suffering from GWS indicating infection with M. fermentans. One official examination record makes another interesting observation. It claims, "The veteran has been exposed to chemicals during the Gulf War and a mycoplasma --- with 6mm war agent was found."(sic). The vet was given a determination of 50% disability--from a war zone in which the government and the commanding general, Norman Schwarzkopf, claimed there was no exposure to such agents.
Indeed, the government seems to have been playing a form of biological roulette with its service members' well-being and medical history. In an article published on December 21st, the Cleveland Plain Dealer claimed that a U.S. Army ethics review board, just prior to the Gulf War, insisted that it would be a breach of medical ethics to test an unapproved vaccine on military personnel without issuing a warning as to its potential effects. That ruling, however, "by the ethics committee at the army's biological research station at Fort Detrick, Md., was overridden after the Defense Department cited national security concerns."
The army admits to 8,000 troops having received the vaccine, according to the Plain Dealer, which was designed to counteract the effects of a possible botulism attack by the Iraqis. They are also looking into the possibility that involuntary vaccinations might explain the Gulf War Syndrome that has afflicted an estimated 200,000 military personnel stationed in the Middle East during the war.
A Pentagon spokesman for the Secretary of Defense told The WINDS that the Defense Department objected to the Cleveland newspaper's use of the term "experimental". "It is what is known as an investigational new drug," he said, [government speak] claiming that the drug in contention is perfectly safe. Questions present themselves as to what is the difference between an "experimental" drug and an "an investigational new drug"? (I didn't say "old", I said "antique".) Scientists routinely use the term "investigation" when referring to experimental research. If the drug is deemed safe, why is the government investigating it as a possible cause of GWS?
When asked specifically about the newspaper's allegation that the Gulf War vets were given these drugs involuntarily and without being informed of the nature of the vaccines, the Secretary of Defense's office flatly stated, "That's not true...even though permission was given by the FDA to give these drugs without consent, Central Command decided to make it voluntary and I have evidence," the DOD spokesman continued, "that shows that the informed consent information was made available to the Central Command and was disseminated to the lower ranks for use."
The WINDS obtained a Department of Defense document entitled simply "DOC_208_BIOLOGICAL_WARFARE VAC", addressing the administration of experimental vaccines. The Pentagon told this office that military personnel were informed of the experimental nature of the drug. This contrasts with security instructions on the document stating, "The vaccine is to be administered in an enclosed area. No media is to be present. No photographs are permitted."--Of a simple vaccination? Why the secrecy? "The concept is to keep this program as low key as possible."
A vaccination record of a Gulf War vet who has contracted GWS was also obtained by this office. At the bottom of the record are the cryptic words that seem to contradict the above statement by the Defense Department: "Received Immunization "B" classified secret while participation in Operation Desert Storm."(sic).
In direct contradiction to DOD's position is the report submitted to the president by the Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veteran's Illness in which is stated:
In the Gulf War, DOD used two investigational products as prophylactic measures against CBW agents....Under normal circumstances, neither could have been administered without the informed consent of the individuals who received them. In December 1990, FDA issued (at DOD's request) an interim Final Rule permitting DOD to use investigational products without informed consent during military exigencies; FDA granted waivers of informed consent.
With respect to the Gulf War, DOD has acknowledged that it did not comply with the letter or spirit of its agreement with FDA....
This report from a Presidential Advisory Committee carries considerable impact when it states that:
...the issue of accurate medical and vaccination records is central to the concerns of many ill veterans, and the absence of records has been suggested by some as evidence that the government is engaging in a cover-up of its own predeployment practices.
Lies are not confined to lower ranking policy members of the Department of Defense, however. General Norman Schwarzkopf, commander of Desert Storm, admitted lying to Congress "about a chemical weapons case involving an Ohio soldier.
"Unpublished battlefront reports showing that Schwarzkopf knew about the soldier in 1991 raised questions about why he told Congress this year that he had no knowledge of anyone being exposed to chemical weapons." USA TODAY,(Sept. 15, 1997).
In a process of apparent "reverse evolution"--i.e., getting worse--not better--as time progresses, is it surprising that the government is doing precisely with its troops now stationed in Bosnia as it did with Gulf War personnel?
The same presidential committee includes in its report:
DOD's performance in Bosnia with the investigational TBE vaccine has been an abysmal failure....As determined by FDA, DOD's use of TBE vaccine during Operations Joint Endeavor/Joint Guard has violated federal regulations pertaining to investigational products on several accounts, including...failure to ensure safety and efficacy; promotion of safety and efficacy for the investigational product; and failure to obtain institutional Review Board approval of informed consent documents.
The committee then recommended that the DOD obtain "independent evaluation" of "the role of troops as human research subjects." (emphasis supplied).
"Since the 1950s, regulations have prohibited the military from giving experimental drugs to troops without their knowledge. However, in 1964 the Department of Defense and the FDA negotiated a memorandum of understanding that allowed the contingent use of experimental drugs to protect against battlefield exposure without following all the FDA rules, including informed consent." (Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dec. 21, 1997).
A horrifying footnote to current events on the subject of human experimentation comes in the way of multinational goals in massive population reduction and the manner they may conceivably have in mind to accomplish those goals.
Dr. Larry Goss shared with this reporter that he has discovered that many of the Gulf War veterans he has examined have been given smallpox vaccinations. One could not help but wonder why they would do this since the last case of naturally acquired smallpox was reported from Somalia in 1977. Because the virus cannot remain viable for long without expressing itself in a host, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the disease to be extinct in 1980.
In studying events surrounding GWI, Dr. Goss discovered that, not some, but nearly all of the vaccination records of the 700,000 Persian Gulf vets are missing--and the ones that remain have no record of the soldiers having received any smallpox vaccinations.
There are two repositories maintaining live variola (smallpox) virus cultures, kept for "research purposes". According to the WHO they are the "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America and in the Institute for Viral Preparations in Moscow, Russian Federation."
What more effective way of drastically reducing the human population than to declare a disease, that is so virulent that it has taken millions of lives, to be eradicated--then raise up a generation with no inoculated immunity to that disease and release it back into that population? It is, as scientists like to put it, an elegant solution.
The Bulletin for Experimental Treatment for AIDS (BETA), a publication of the San Francisco AIDS Foundation, lists some of the companies involved in the search for an AIDS vaccine. Among them "Bristol-Myers Squibb of New York City is developing a recombinant vaccine made by inserting fragments of gp160, a protein on the envelope of the virus, into live but weakened smallpox virus...."
Does Iraq's accusation, reported by ABC News, now seem quite as unrealistic, that "America is likely to launch military strikes on these sites and others, using mass destruction weapons which contain chemical and biological elements, so that it can say, after the strikes, that its allegations were right," an official spokesman told the Iraqi news agency INA. "It is quite necessary to warn against such a wicked American conspiracy, which is confirmed by well-informed sources," the spokesman said.
Warn against "such a wicked American conspiracy"? How could they think such a thing? Does the Iraqi government know more than the American public?
YOU MEAN I DON'T HAVE TO JOIN THE MILITARY
TO QUALIFY AS A GOVERNMENT GUINEA PIG?
That the United States Government has been performing secret medical experiments on its own citizens (civilian as well as military) without their permission or knowledge is not only an historically proven fact, known by many, but it is obvious that it is not confined to history. What most do not know is that U.S. law actually provides for the government's use of its own citizens as experimental test subjects without their permission or prior knowledge.
Federal law 50 USC 1520 entitled, "WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE, CHAPTER 32 - CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE PROGRAM" begins with the ominous, almost Mengelian prologue:
Use of human subjects for testing of chemical or biological agents by Department of Defense; accounting to Congressional committees with respect to experiments and studies; notification of local civilian officials...
The only provision contained in the law for challenging such experiments is in the obliquely worded paragraph one of subsection "b" which says:
The Secretary of Defense may not conduct any test or experiment involving the use of any chemical or biological agent on civilian populations unless local civilian officials in the area in which the test or experiment is to be conducted are notified in advance of such test or experiment...
This necessarily applies to peacetime civilian populations. There would be no permission asked, or granted, of a foreign government with which this nation were at war, for permission to experiment on their citizens.
And such test or experiment may then be conducted only after the expiration of the thirty-day period beginning on the date of such notification.
It should be noted that no definition exists within that law which defines who or what constitutes "local civilian officials". Under this wording compliance could be satisfied by the notification of an off-duty meter maid.
The reality of 50 USC 1520 is that it is, on the face of it, unconstitutional. The fourth article of amendment to the U.S. Constitution clearly states, "The right of the people to be secure in their persons...shall not be violated."
The most prominent application of the federal law, with which most people are familiar, is the infamous Tuskegee Experiments. These were studies performed by the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) upon 412 black American citizens infected with syphilis, depriving them of a proven cure for the purpose of a 40-year study of the disease's effect--which, untreated, is nearly always death.
More recently has come to light experiments being performed, again on black people, by the United States government; this time outside the restrictions of U.S. law.
A September 18 article in the New York Times reveals that "...for the past two years, the United States has been conducting experiments on pregnant women infected with HIV in Africa, Thailand and the Dominican Republic, in which some women are given drugs that can prevent transmission of the deadly AIDS virus to their babies and some receive only dummy pills. (emphasis supplied).
"The study is so controversial," the Times article continues, "that even some of the government's own scientists have questioned whether it is ethical."
In an editorial by Dr. Marcia Angell, executive editor for the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM ), Dr. Angell opens with a powerful argument against the ethics of these studies. "An essential ethical condition for a randomized clinical trial, comparing two treatments for a disease is that there be no good reason for thinking one is better than the other....If there is," says the Journal editorial, "...the investigators would be guilty of knowingly giving inferior treatment to some participants in the trial."
Angell goes on to quote the World Health Organization, who she identifies as being "widely regarded as providing the fundamental guiding principles of research involving human subjects."
"In research on man," she excerpts from the WHO's Declaration of Helsinki, "the interest of science and society should never take precedence over considerations related to the well-being of the subject," and "in any medical study, every patient -- including those of a control group, if any -- should be assured of the best proven diagnostic and therapeutic method." (ibid.)
Could it not be logically questioned why not conduct the research in this country which, outside of Africa and Haiti, has about the highest incidence of HIV infection in the world?
That question is forcefully answered by the director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania, Dr. Arthur Caplan. "If you tried to do this study in the U.S.," Dr. Caplan said, "you would have to do it through a throng of demonstrators and a sea of reporters." (NYT, Sept. 18, 1997).
The research, using non-American black women, is founded on studies that show that women with HIV infections that are treated with the drugs under study are two-thirds less likely to pass the disease on to their unborn children. "But the drug regimen costs about $1,000 per mother, so public health officials want to know if there are less expensive ways to use AZT to achieve the same benefit." (ibid.). [Note the ubiquitous references to money as a motivational factor in human "compassion".]
"Half the foreign women in the experiments receive AZT," says the Times article, "at varying levels that differ from the amounts used in the United States. The other half get the dummy, or placebo, pills."
The condemnation of this clinical act of God-playing lies in the fact that more than 1,000 children, critics say, will acquire the HIV infections of their mothers and, as a result, will die from AIDS -- which could have been prevented. (ibid).
Dr. Angell also makes a strong comparison of the AZT program to the syphilis study mentioned earlier. "A textbook example of unethical research is the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis. In that study... from 1932 to 1972, [the subjects] were followed and compared with 204 men free of the disease to determine the natural history of syphilis."
The Tuskegee studies were terminated in 1970, just two years shy of its 40-year goal, when public outcry erupted following news reports revealing their existence. By that time, it is estimated, nearly a quarter of the men involved had died of the disease.
"The only lament," Dr. Angell noted, "seemed to be that many of the subjects inadvertently received treatment by other doctors," thus denying the researchers the full benefit of observing the disease's ultimate expression in those individuals. Indeed, they had taken extraordinary precautions to prevent their test subjects from receiving treatment. In order to assure that this virile and violent disease went unchecked in USPHS's human guinea pigs, a comprehensive list of all participants was provided every agency, physician, every venereal disease treatment program with whom they might come in contact--even draft boards."
It appears that the same ethic is being plied upon the Gulf War veterans by the Defense Department when they decreed that all vets suffering from GWS be treated only in VA hospitals, according to the American Gulf War Veterans Association. They have the choice to seek private treatment, but at their own expense, because the VA will not issue chits for such care as they have done under different instances. This makes the military a research scientist's dream--the perfect, isolated, test population. They have engineered circumstances much the same as with the Tuskegee experiments, ensuring that there is little or no outside interference with their studies.
A BRIEF HISTORY
The case histories are numerous of involuntary, secret experiments being performed on American citizens by their government. As testimonial to the extreme likelihood that such violations of personal rights by this government will continue covertly, the following historical citations are presented:
The Green Run 2 - This experiment was carried out by the Atomic Energy Commission (now the Nuclear Regulatory Agency) in December, 1949 which expelled 28,000 curies of radioactive material into the atmosphere at Hanford, Washington to test the effects and their ability to detect foreign bomb-making production. This was knowingly done upwind from local residents whose health was secretly monitored to observe any effects the release might have- -apparently as a fringe benefit to researchers of the primary purpose of the release. These residents were not informed of the release--national security, of course.
To place in perspective the enormous quantity of radiation represented by 28,000 curies -- ONE curie, alone, is radiation equaling 22,200,000,000,000 (22.2 trillion) atomic disintegrations per minute. When that one curie is multiplied by the 28,000 ejected during the Green Run tests it becomes more than an incomprehensible amount of radiation.
Plutonium Injection Studies 3 of the late 1940's and early 1950's. Case-in-point - a 53-year-old "colored male" as the report refers to him, named Ebb Cade who was hospitalized by an automobile accident. He was subsequently injected with plutonium for the purpose of testing its long-term effects, because he was, except for his injuries, in excellent physical condition, and would be expected to live for another twenty to thirty years. Mr. Cade died thirteen years later.
In the DOE's official report on the matter it is recorded that the army doctor who administered the injection, Dr. Joseph Howland, "told AEC investigators in 1974 that..."there was, he recalled, no consent from the patient. He acted, he testified, only after his objections were met with a written order to proceed from his superior, Dr. Friedell."
"I was only following orders"--Does this contain a slight echo of Nuremberg?
"...in Mr. Cade's case," the DOD document states, "the risk of a plutonium-induced cancer could not be ruled out." TRANSLATION: let's shoot the guy up and see if he gets cancer.
The Department of Energy was thrown into a maelstrom of spin control in 1994 when an Albuquerque Tribune reporter revealed extensive radiation experiments over a number of years by DOD on individuals without their consent. "They included," the report stated, "235 babies in five states who were injected with radioactive iodine, 100 retarded Massachusetts children [deja vu Nuremberg again] who had been fed radioactive cereal, 800 pregnant Tennessee women who had been exposed to radioactive substances and eight people injected with various isotopes of strontium at the University of California Hospital at San Francisco."
On the last day of 1997 CNN and the Associated Press published a story claiming: "A group of former students who ate radioactive oatmeal [in the 1940's and 50's] as unwitting participants in a food experiment will share a $1.85 million settlement from Quaker Oats and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Department of Energy's web site that addresses its "Human Subjects Research" program opens with the header, "PROTECTING HUMAN SUBJECTS". After what has been revealed of their past record of safeguarding the welfare of their experimentees, one might well be advised to forego their "protection". Perhaps their motto should read, "PROTECTING HUMAN SUBJECTS--if we must."
WILLOWBROOK 4 - "[Through] 1972 Dr. Saul Krugman of New York University led a study team at the Willowbrook State School for the Retarded, on Staten Island, New York....[T]he residents of the school, [were] nearly all...profoundly mentally impaired children and adolescents....The Armed Forces Epidemiological Board...approved and funded the research, and the executive faculty of the New York University School of Medicine...approved the research. Krugman and his colleagues injected some of them with a mild form of hepatitis serum. The researchers justified their work on the grounds that the subjects probably would have become infected anyway." They had told the parents that the children would be given a vaccine when, in fact, none existed.
Most people believe that the concept of the American government performing harmful medical experiments on their own citizens is preposterous. That is precisely the approach taken by Senator John Glenn (D.Ohio) when he introduced Senate Bill S.193 in January of 1997. In his oral introduction of the bill to the Senate floor he began with a hypothetical scenario:
"If I approached any Senator here and I said, "You did not know it, but the last time they went to the doctor or went to the hospital, your wife or your husband or your daughter or your son became the subject of a medical experiment that they were not even told about. They were given medicine, they were given pills, they were given radiation, they were given something and were not even told about this, were not even informed about it, yet they are under some experimental research that might possibly do them harm--maybe some good will come out of it, but maybe it will do them harm also--but they do not know about it," people would laugh at that and say that is ridiculous. That cannot possibly happen in this country. Yet, that very situation is what this piece of legislation is supposed to address."
Senator Glenn goes on to ask, rhetorically, "What law prohibits experimenting on people without their informed consent? What I found, when I looked into it," Glenn shares his surprise, "is there is no law on the books requiring that informed consent be obtained."
Glenn also stated instances of what he called, "sad examples of unethical research conducted in the United States...well after the Nuremberg Code was issued [and] adopted...."
The very first sentence of the ten articles of the Nuremberg Code, embraced after WWII in response to Nazi atrocities, states, "The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential." The United States is a signatory of the Nuremberg Code, which apparently has become to this government the equivalent of its treaties with Native Americans, of which this nation has kept none.
Glenn's bill still sits in committee and has yet to be acted upon.
Dr. Marcia Angell, in her earlier quoted editorial, observes that, "There appears to be a general retreat from the clear principles enunciated in the Nuremberg Code and the Declaration of Helsinki as applied to research in the Third World. Why is that?" she asks, then presents, among her answers, "Clinical trials have become a big business [money, again]....To survive, it is necessary to get the work done as quickly as possible, with a minimum of obstacles. When these considerations prevail, it seems as if we have not come very far from Tuskegee after all."
Referring to the Gulf War incidents and the current practices taking place in Bosnia, a memo from the army's ethics committee chairman, Col. Arthur O. Anderson, also signed by the commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Col. Earnest Takafuji, stated:
"...the government had a moral duty to adhere to its principles, even in wartime, that nobody would be subjected to an experimental medication without consent."
"A "military" justification for involuntary receipt of investigational products because of strategic, doctrine and discipline concerns resembles too closely the logic used by Nazi doctors to rationalize using humans in research that had predictably destructive outcomes." (Cleveland Plain Dealer, Dec. 21, 1997).
It is a profound and disturbing truth that government never relinquishes, voluntarily, any power it has enjoyed over its citizens. The idea that the governmental scientific community has done so by ceasing such experimentation is unrealistic at best--especially when there are laws on the books that permit such behavior--and especially when there exists overwhelming evidence to the contrary. The most likely direction is for them to continue as they have done, only with increasing power.
One of the principal indicators found in a society in severe moral declension which precedes its demise, is the manner in which it treats the elderly and mentally infirmed--in other words--those who have severely diminished capacity to help themselves. Such conditions were, of course, found in Nazi Germany which subjected certain classes of citizens to involuntary medical experiments.
As power is removed from each strata of society and migrates upward, those to whom it accrues tend to look upon those from whom they wrested it as subhuman primates or cattle with whom they may do as they wish. That wresting of power from the "least significant" of society began, in this country, with the Native Americans, after that the blacks and Hispanics and will continue its upward spiral until there are only two classes: the very rich and the "cattle" who support them.
Why, in this society that seems to be more informed than any other on the subject of human rights (it certainly thrusts it in the face of other nations quite forcefully), is this hypocrisy permitted? It is evident that the invisible, secret hand driving the new order are people who know, by arduous observation of human nature and socio-cultural analysis, exactly how far they can push the limits of American tolerance. They have had their fingers on the apathetic moral pulse of this country for over 200 years and there is virtually nothing that they have not anticipated--except--intervention by Omnipotence.
They have stated their goals and means to attain them. In the much vilified document, The Protocols, is plainly set forth that, "It is critical that the people become exhausted with dissension, hatred, struggle, envy, even the use of torture, starvation, inoculation of diseases, and poverty --leaving the nations no other vision than to take refuge in our complete sovereignty which is the control of money and all else. But if we give the nations of the world any breathing room, the moment we long for will likely never arrive."
*The American Gulf War Veterans Association provides information and instructional material free of charge to veterans of the Persian Gulf conflict. They may be contacted at 1-800-231-7631.
1.) Uniformed Services University, School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Pathology Block VI Syllabus, 1993-1994. p. 91, 92.
2.) Department of Energy Memorandum to: Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments
3.) Department of Energy document /EH- 0461 - Oral Histories, HUMAN RADIATION STUDIESU.S. Department of Energy, Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments - Final Report
4.) Senate Bill s.193, Floor Introduction, Senator John Glenn, D.OhioThe Institute for Molecular Medicine, Huntington Beach, California
Additional statistical data from IMM:
About 45% of GWI patients and ~50% CFS/FMS [Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Fibromyalgia Syndrome] have such infections [mycoplasma incognitus] in their blood, and this has also been found by a certified commercial diagnostic laboratory, Imunosciences Laboratories (~50%), Dr. See of the Department of Medicine, Univ. of California, Irvine(~70) and Dr, Lasko of Del Mar, Ca. (~60%).
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