"What luck for rulers that men do not think"
- Adolf Hitler

Indoctrination & Propaganda
vs.
Education



"Education is the Apprenticeship of Life"
"The Price of Ignorance is Far Greater than the Cost of an Education"
"All Law is Commerce & Contracts"
"Pay NO Attention to the Man Behind the Curtain"
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"We Do Not Own Our Knowledge;
It Is Not Ours to Keep.
We Must Share Our Gift of Knowing With Those Who Seek to Know.
Learning IS a Blessing, Teaching is a Gift, and Knowledge IS Power!.
Let Us Empower Others"

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"All Truth goes Through Three Stages,
First it is Ridiculed. Then it is Violently Opposed.
Finally it is Accepted as Self-Evident" - Schopenhauer

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Whoever Cares to Learn Will Always Find a Teacher."

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We Move in the Direction of Our most Dominant Thought--
We Become in Essence What We Believe.
"Do or Do Not. There is No TRY."--Yoda

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The mediocre teacher tells.
The good teacher explains.
The superior teacher demonstrates.


Indoctrination & Propaganda

Education

1a. One-sided: Different or opposing views are either ignored, misrepresented, under-represented, or denigrated. 1b. Many sided: Issues examined from many points of view; opposition fairly represented.
2a. Uses generalizations, "allness" statements, and lack of specific references and data. 2b. Uses qualifiers: Statements supported with specific references and data.
3a. Card Stacking: Data carefully selected - even distorted - to present only the best or worse possible case. Language used to conceal. 3b. Balanced: Presents samples from a wide range of available data on the subject. Language used to reveal.
4a. Misleading use of statistics. 4b. Statistical references qualified with respect to size, duration, criteria, controls, source and subsidizer.
5a. Herding: Ignores distinctions and subtle differences. Attempts to bring together superficially similar elements together. Reasons by analogy. 5b. Discrimination: Points out differences and subtle distinctions. Use analogies carefully, pointing out differences and non-applicability.
6a. False Dilemma (either/or): Only two solutions to the problem or two ways of viewing the issue - the "right way" (writer or speaker's way) and the "wrong way" (any other way). 6b. Alternatives: There are many ways of solving a problem or viewing an issue.
7a. Appeals to Authority: Statements by selected authority figures used to clinch an argument. "Only the expert knows" approach. 7b. Appeals to reason: Statements by authority figures and concerned parties used to stimulate thought and discussion. "Experts seldom agree".
8a. Appeals to consensus or bandwagon approach: "Everybody's doing it so it must be right". 8b. Appeals to fact: Facts selected from broad data base. Logical, ethical, aesthetic and psycho-spiritual aspects considered.
9a. Appeals to emotions and emotional responses: Uses words and pictures with strong emotional connotations. 9b. Appeals to people's capacity for thoughtful, reasoned responses: Uses emotionally neutral words and illustrations.
10a. Labeling: Uses labels and derogatory language to describe proponents of opposing viewpoint. 10b. Avoids labels and derogatory language: Addresses the argument, not the people supporting a particular viewpoint.
11a. Promotes attitudes of attack and/or defense with the aim of selling a position or product. 11b. Promotes attitudes of openness and inquiry. Aim is to discover.
12a. Ignores assumptions and built-in biases. 12b. Explores assumptions and built-in biases.
13a. Language promotes lack of awareness and unconsciousness. 13b. Language usage promotes greater awareness and consciousness.
14a. Can lead to tunnel vision and bigotry. 14b. Can lead to breadth of vision and understanding.
15a. Referenced studies conceal conflict-of-interest funding sources.. 15b. Referenced studies reveal conflict-of-interest funding sources.
16a. Statistics always presented to show maximum damage from problem and minimum damage from solution. 16b. Statistics presented to show many aspects of problem, not always from a non-max/min approach.

Baaaaaaa!


See THE DOORS OF PERCEPTION


See A THEORY OF CIVILIZATION


See PROPAGANDA IN THEORY AND PRACTICE


See INFORMATION AND ITS COUNTERFEITS


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young ones and old ones both.



Chart from Leading Edge International Research Group
Wisdom And Freedom produced by WORLD NEWSSTAND
Copyright 1999. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
page image by Boogie Jack


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